Nitrile rubber materials are the most commonly used general purpose o-ring material because of relative low cost, good mechanical properties, and performance with many basic oils, fuels, and lubricants. Not recommended for use with UV, ozone, steam, harsh fuels or chemicals. Nitrile materials can be formulated to enhance specific physical and chemical resistances like color, durometer hardness, internal lubrication, steam, ozone, high and low temperature performance.
Service Temperature Range
Low Temp. Range, °F Abbv. High Temp. Range, °F Compr. Set Oils Steam Weather/
Fuels Acids/
Bases Abrasion Wear Permeation
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Compound Relative
Low Temp ° F High Temp ° F Durometer Color Special
View Datasheet Relative Price: 1 Relative Availability: 5 -30  250  70  Black 
General purpose, commodity grade compound. 
View Datasheet Relative Price: 2 Relative Availability: 4 -30  250  90  Black 
Higher hardness for use in higher pressure applications. 
View Datasheet Relative Price: 3 Relative Availability: 3 -30  250  70  Black 
Food contact grade compound. FDA compliant. 
Relative Price: 3 Relative Availability: 2 -30  250  50  Black 
Softer hardness to seal rough or warped glands and or low closure force applications. 
Relative Price: 3 Relative Availability: 1 -65  250  70  Black 
Improved lower temperature resistance 
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General Description:

Nitrile, also commonly referred to as Buna-N or NBR, is a copolymer of Acrylonitrile and Butadiene. Nitrile is the most commonly used elastomeric material for molded and extruded products. This material offers relative low cost, good mechanical properties, and resistance to many common oils, fuels and lubricants. NBR has poor resistance to weathering, sunlight and ozone so it is best used in enclosed environments where parts are not exposed to the elements. Hydrogenated versions of NBR (HNBR) have enhanced mechanical properties as well as greater thermal and chemical stability. Specific physical properties and chemical resistances vary by compound formulation.

NBR can be compounded for enhanced oil and fuel resistance, increased temperature flexibility, high hardness and extrusion resistance, low compression set, and a variety of other attributes. The physical properties of the compound largely depend on the Acrylonitrile content of the formulation. For example, high Acrylonitrile content causes increased oil and fuel resistance while adversely affecting low temperature flexibility and compression set resistance. It is important to consider the offsetting attributes when selecting an NBR formulation. Please contact a Marco Rubber engineer for assistance finding the best compound for your application.

Service Temperature Range*

–31°F (–35°C) to 230°F (110°C)
Specialty formulations, Low Temperature: –76°F (–60°C)
Specialty formulations, High Temperature: 275°F (135°C).

*Approximation for dry air service. Actual temperature range of a compound in an end-use application is highly dependent on part type, hardware configuration, applied forces, chemical media, pressure and thermal cycling effects, and other factors. Consult a Marco Engineer for more details.

Typical Applications and Products:

The range of performance characteristics of Nitrile allows it to be utilized in a diverse set of applications. NBR is often used for gaskets and o-rings in pneumatic, hydraulic, and fuel systems. V-packings and backup rings made from high-hardness Nitrile compounds are common in high pressure environments in the Oil and Gas industry. The abrasion and wear resistance of NBR make it useful for dynamic oil seals for rotary and reciprocating shafts. NBR is relatively easy to process which keeps costs down for custom extrusions and complex molds. Hardness ranges from 40 Shore A to 90 Shore A.

Chemical resistance:

  • Petroleum greases, mineral oils, vegetable oils
  • Aliphatic hydrocarbons
  • Hydraulic fluids (HFA, HFB, HFC types)
  • Limited resistance to dilute acids, alkalis, and solvents

Not compatible with:

  • Highly Aromatic fuels and hydrocarbons
  • Weathering, sunlight and ozone
  • Chlorinated hydrocarbons
  • Polar solvents
  • Glycol brake fluids